Nuts & Children
Good nutrition is important for everyone, but particularly for children who have extra nutritional needs for growth and development. Ensuring that your child eats a well balanced diet which provides all of the essential nutrients they need can help them develop healthy habits, now and in the future.
INCLUDING NUTS IN YOUR CHILD’S DIET
A healthy diet for your child should include foods from each of the main food groups:
- Breads and cereals, particularly wholegrain varieties.
- Vegetables, mushrooms and fruit.
- Lean meat, poultry, fish, seafood, eggs, tofu, legumes, nuts and seeds.
- Dairy products such as milk, yoghurt and cheese or calcium-fortified alternatives such as soy milk.
- Healthy fats such as avocado, cooking oils and margarine spreads.
Variety is the key to optimising nutrition. Introduce your child to new foods regularly and if they don’t like them the first time around, try them more than once. Kids need to try foods several times before their real preferences emerge, and increased exposure to specific foods can also increase their likeness for it.
A handful of nuts each day is a valuable inclusion in your child’s diet. Nuts are a particularly nutritious food – rich in healthy fats, high in dietary fibre, a good source of protein and a wide variety of important vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Nuts make a convenient, healthy and filling snack, particularly when teamed with dried fruits, and are a good replacement for less nutritious snack foods such as chips, biscuits and lollies.
HEADING OFF WEIGHT PROBLEMS
Childhood obesity is a major concern in Australia today. Nuts can play an important role in filling kids up with nutritious food without expanding their waistlines. Research has shown that Australian adolescents that regularly eat nuts have a healthier BMI, and other studies have shown that adult nut eaters have healthier body weights. How do nuts help with weight management? Nuts have a number of properties that make them special: The nutrients in nuts help to satisfy hunger and reduce overeating; plus, they’re a high-fibre wholefood with a glycemic index (GI) lowering effect.
SET KIDS UP WITH A HEALTHY HEART FOR LIFE
Poor diets mean life-long heart problems start developing in childhood – make sure your kids develop healthy eating habits that will benefit them for life. Nuts are packed with healthy, heart-smart monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. And children who eat healthy diets including nuts have a lower risk of heart disease. Kids and adults need two serves of fruit, five of vegetables and a handful of nuts daily. So start them off the heart-healthy way: remember 2 + 5 + a handful of nuts… every day.
INTRODUCING NUTS TO YOUR YOUNG CHILD
There are a few things to keep in mind when introducing nuts into your child’s diet:
- It is often recommended that the introduction of nuts be delayed until 12 months of age to reduce the risk of allergies, but there is currently little evidence to suggest that this helps.
- There is some evidence that delaying introduction of foods may actually increase (rather than decrease) the risk of developing an allergy, however, at this stage this is not proven and further research is needed.
- The 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend introducing nut butters and pastes from 6 months of age.
- Whole nuts should not be given to children until after five years of age due to the risk of choking. Smooth nut pastes or ground nuts added to other foods are a great way to make sure even young children can benefit from a small handful of nuts each day.
- When giving children whole nuts (or any other food which could be a choking risk) ensure that they are sitting down to eat and supervise them closely. Encourage them to eat small amounts at a time and to chew their food well.
NUT ALLERGIES IN CHILDREN
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of serious food allergy reactions, affecting as many as one in 50 young children. Tree nut allergies are also growing, but are less common than peanut allergies. Around 20% of children with a peanut/tree nut allergy grow out of their allergy while around 20% worsen; the remainder stay much the same in terms of severity. It’s not possible to predict reliably who might get better or worse over time, but if the allergy persists into teenage or adult life it is very unlikely it will disappear.
SHOULD NUTS BE BANNED FROM SCHOOLS?
Many schools claim to be “nut free”, however a Nuts for Life commissioned Newspoll survey in 2012 found that 1 in 3 parents / guardians of school aged children (attending schools with nut free policies) reported either accidentally or intentionally sending their children to school with nuts and nut-containing products. No school can guarantee to be nut free and it is unsafe to do so. It may create a false sense of security and as a result student vigilance for checking foods and labels is reduced. Allergy awareness policies are needed in schools where allergic students attend. State Government school allergy policies in general do not recommend nut bans in schools.
TIPS FOR INCLUDING NUTS IN YOUR CHILD’S DIET:
- Make up small, snack-size portions of mixed nuts and dried fruits for a nutritious alternative to snack foods
like chips and lollies.
- Nut spreads make a great sandwich filling or a condiment for celery.
- Add walnuts or pecans to homemade cakes and muffins.
- Banana splits are a dessert that most kids enjoy – slice a banana down the middle, top with a scoop of
vanilla ice-cream and sprinkle with chopped pistachio nuts.
- Combine home made popcorn with freshly roasted cashews and almonds for a healthy afternoon snack.
- Layer berries, yoghurt and crushed hazelnuts in a parfait glass for a healthy afternoon snack or dessert.
- Mix crushed macadamia or Brazil nuts with fresh breadcrumbs to make home made fish or chicken nuggets.
This information was provided by Nuts For Life. Images & Videos were provided by Nuts For Life.Nuts for Life
For further information on nuts and health, refer to www.nutsforlife.com.au or phone 02 8295 2300
1. Mennella JA, et al. Variety is the spice of life: Strategies for promoting fruit and vegetable acceptance in infants. Physiology and Behavior 2008; 94:29–38
2. Wardle J, et al. Increasing children’s acceptance of vegetables; a randomized trial of parent-led exposure. Appetite. 2003; 40(2):155–62.
3. Wardle J, et al. Modifying children’s food preferences: the effects of exposure and reward on acceptance of an unfamiliar vegetable. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003; 57(2):341–8.
4. Cooke L. The importance of exposure for healthy eating in childhood: a review. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2007; 20(4):294–301.
5. Nuts for Life. 2016 Nutrient composition of tree nuts. Available from www.nutsforlife.com.au
6. Grant R, et al. The relative impact of a vegetable-rich diet on key markers of health in a cohort of Australian adolescents. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008; 17(1):107–15.
7. Nuts for Life 2012 Nut report: Nuts and the Big Fat Myth role of nuts in weight management. Nuts for Life 2012 www.nutsforlife.com.au
8. Mikkilä V, et al. Major dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors from childhood to adulthood. The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Br J Nutr. 2007; 98(1):218–25.
9. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA). ASCIA Infant Feeding Advice http://www.allergy.org.au/health-professionals/papers/ascia-infant-feeding-advice
10. National Health and Medical Research Council (2013) Australian Dietary Guidelines. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council www.eatforhealth.gov.au. 11. McWilliam V et al. The Prevalence of Tree Nut Allergy: A Systematic Review. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2015;15(9):54.
12. The Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA). Fact Sheet on Nut Allergy. Fact sheet on nut allergy. Available at: http://www.allergy.org.au/health-professionals/hp-information/asthma-and-allergy/ food-allergy-and-anaphylaxis-update-2013